wiki:TutorialSetupLXC

Setting up Environment for Institutional Federated Identity Access Management

Minimum Hardware Requirement

PC or Server or VM with 8GB RAM

DNS requirement

Get following DNS added,

  1. For the host computer

iam.[your institution domain].ac.lk -> 192.248.xx.yy1

  1. for your identity database

idb.[your institution domain].ac.lk -> 192.248.xx.yy2

  1. for your identity provider

idp. [your institution domain].ac.lk -> 192.248.xx.yy3

  1. for your eduroam radius server

irs. [your institution domain].ac.lk -> 192.248.xx.yy4

Setting up the Host Computer/Server

  1. Download Ubuntu 18.04 LTS and burn to a USB stick or to a CD ROM as bootable media

You may download and free app Rufus from https://rufus.ie/ to burn IOS image to a USB stick

  1. Change your bios setting to boot up from external media
  1. install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS while setting

the host name as iam

domain as [your institution domain].ac.lk

  1. Login to Ubuntu and run following to update your system

sudo apt update

sudo apt upgrade

Linux Container (LXC) Virtual Environment

LXC should be built in by default. (You need to run these commands as sudo )

  • sudo lxc version
  1. Initiate LXC (single host)
  • sudo lxd init
Would you like to use LXD clustering? (yes/no) [default=no]:
Do you want to configure a new storage pool? (yes/no) [default=yes]:
Name of the new storage pool [default=default]:
Name of the storage backend to use (btrfs, dir, lvm) [default=btrfs]: dir
Would you like to connect to a MAAS server? (yes/no) [default=no]:
Would you like to create a new local network bridge? (yes/no) [default=yes]: no
Would you like to configure LXD to use an existing bridge or host interface? (yes/no) [default=no]: no
Would you like LXD to be available over the network? (yes/no) [default=no]:
Would you like stale cached images to be updated automatically? (yes/no) [default=yes]
Would you like a YAML "lxd init" preseed to be printed? (yes/no) [default=no]:
  • Edit network configuration: sudo nano /etc/netplan/50-cloud-init.yaml
network:
        version: 2
        ethernets:
          enp0s3:
             dhcp4: no


        bridges:
          lxdbr0:
            dhcp4: no
            addresses:
                - 192.248.xx.yy1/24
            gateway4: 192.248.xx.zz
            nameservers:
                addresses:
                  - 192.248.1.161
            interfaces:
              - enp0s3
  • Apply new network configs: sudo netplan apply

(You may need to reboot here)

  • Check IP address of the host machine: ifconfig
  • Modify the default container profile to add bridged network: lxc profile edit default
config: {}
description: Default LXD profile
devices:
  eth0:
    nictype: bridged
    parent: lxdbr0
    type: nic
  root:
    path: /
    pool: default
    type: disk
name: default
used_by: []
  1. Check remote repositories
  • sudo lxc remote list
  1. Local repositories
  • sudo lxc image list
  1. Remote images
  • sudo lxc image list images:
  • sudo lxc image list images:ubuntu
  1. Create a Ubuntu Container
  • sudo lxc launch ubuntu:18.04 test-ct
  • sudo lxc list

Delete a container

  • sudo lxc stop test-ct
  • sudo lxc delete --force test-ct
  1. Create Three Production LXCs for your institute
  • lxc launch ubuntu:18.04 idb
  • lxc copy idb idp
  • lxc copy idb irs
  • lxc start idp
  • lxc start irs
  1. Using/Login to container
  • lxc exec idb bash
  • lsb_release -dirc
  • free -m
  • nproc
  • uname -r
  • exit
  1. CT info
  • lxc info idb
  • pstree -p [pid]
  1. CT configuration
  • lxc config show idp
  • lxc profile list
  • lxc profile show default
  1. Restrict Memory
  • lxc config set idb limits.memory 4096MB
  • lxc config show idb
  • lxc config set idp limits.memory 4096MB
  • lxc config set irs limits.memory 2048MB
  1. configure CT network IP
  • Log in to your container lxc exec <container-name> bash
  • ifconfig
  • nano /etc/netplan/50-cloud-init.yaml
network:
        version: 2
        ethernets:
          eth0:
            dhcp4: no
            addresses:
                - 192.248.xx.yy2/24
            gateway4: 192.248.xx.zz
            nameservers:
                addresses:
                  - 192.248.1.161

  • netplan apply
  • timedatectl set-timezone Asia/Colombo
  1. SSH to CTs
  • nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

change

PasswordAuthentication no

to

PasswordAuthentication yes

  • Restart the ssh service service sshd restart
  • Add a user by
    • adduser <username>
    Make that user a sudo user
    • adduser <username> sudo
  • reboot

now you can ssh to your all three CTs over the network. Then you can follow the installation instruction for LDAP, IDP and IRS for the installation of relevant CTs.

OPTIONAL

  1. Pull/Push file to CT
  • echo helle there > myfile
  • lxc file push myfile idp/root/
  • lxc file pull idp/root/myfile /tmp
  1. Snapshot
  • lxc snapshot idp idp1
  • lxc restore idp idp1
Last modified 4 months ago Last modified on Jul 11, 2019, 2:22:03 PM