Configuring iCinga2 on Single server

This will guide you through installing Icinga setup on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS server;


  • Linux Server running Ubuntu 20.04 LTS
  • sudo access to the server. All following commands have to be entered as the root user. Best way to do it is, by login in as root with sudo su

Execute the commands as super user

Installing using a Script

The Installation process of Icinga2 will be done using a script. Script includes,

  • Installation of Icinga2, Icingaweb2 and relevant dependancies
  • Installation of modules
  • MariaDB installation
  • Creating Databases
  • Adding Api Users

Commands are executed as Superuser

1.Download the script into your server.


2.Assign execute permission for the script

chmod +x

3.Then execute file using terminal


While the process is being executed, the configuration dialogs for icinga2-ido-mysql will be prompted. Select yes for the options as following images. Enter a password for when it prompt(It is used for icinga2 database)

Type password for the installation of icinga2-ido-mysql (This password will be used as icinga2 database password while icingaweb2 configurations)

After re-enter the password for confirmation when it prompts.

Configuration on web

You can set up Icinga Web 2 quickly and easily with the Icinga Web 2 setup wizard which is available the first time you visit Icinga Web 2 in your browser. When using the web setup you are required to authenticate using a token.


you can find the token by using the icingacli in terminal:

icingacli setup token show

Use the token to start configuration for icingaweb2

You can enable the modules needed by sliding bars and click Next:

In next page modules and the details are listed:

Use database as Authentication type:

As the icingaweb_db resource, please add icingaweb2 database details in Mysql.

You can find your database password for icingaweb2 user in /home/passwords.txt file

cat /home/passwords.txt

Enter Authentication backend as icingaweb2 for the system:

Next, Create a login user for the icingaweb2 portal:

Click next to proceed :

Change the database name to icinga2 :

Use the password you typed when the icinga-ido-mysql configurations while executing the installation script:

Enter the api-user details of icingaweb2 and you can find the details in /etc/icinga2/conf.d/api-users.conf file.

(If you get an error while validating api user, please restart the icinga service by systemctl restart icinga2 and retry):

Click next to proceed :

if the configurations are succeeded, following message is shown on the top, and click Login to icinga web 2 in the right side

Initial dashboard:

Setup Icinga Director Module

Icinga2 Director Module will allow you to do the configuration by webapp. Unless you have to do it from CLI. We have installed the module from our script.

Let's Initialise a resource for director module. Resources can be created using Configurations > Application > Resource like following image.

After creating resource for icinga director, select the created resource as follows:

If it asks API details,

  • Put the hostname as endpoint
  • host as local host
  • API user details for director are in /etc/icinga2/conf.d/api-users.conf file.

cat /etc/icinga2/conf.d/api-users.conf

After every deplyment, Please deploy by clicking Deploy pending changes on the top of the page :

Note : Click Deploy pending changes after every deployment attemp

Adding Hosts

Before adding hosts, the host templates have to be added. These templates should have the details on how host needs to be checked.

Add the hosts after adding host template:

Adding Services

Before adding services, the service templates has to be added,

After, services can be added as following as per requirements:

Following is the Manual Installation

If you have completed the scripted installation, do not proceed. ( This is for references )

Ubuntu Repositories

You need to add the Icinga repository to your package management configuration. The following commands must be executed with root permissions unless noted otherwise.

apt-get update

apt-get -y install apt-transport-https wget gnupg

wget -O - | apt-key add -

. /etc/os-release; if [ ! -z ${UBUNTU_CODENAME+x} ]; then DIST="${UBUNTU_CODENAME}"; else DIST="$(lsb_release -c| awk '{print $2}')"; fi;

echo "deb icinga-${DIST} main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/${DIST}-icinga.list

echo "deb-src icinga-${DIST} main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/${DIST}-icinga.list

apt-get update

Installing Icinga 2

The following commands must be executed with root permissions unless noted otherwise.

apt-get install icinga2

Setting up Check Plugins

Without plugins Icinga 2 does not know how to check external services. The Monitoring Plugins Project provides an extensive set of plugins which can be used with Icinga 2 to check whether services are working properly.

apt-get install monitoring-plugins

Running Service

Start the service using following command

systemctl restart icinga2

Enabling the service if a reboot happens

systemctl enable icinga2

Extra :

If you’re stuck with configuration errors, you can manually invoke the configuration validation.

icinga2 daemon -C

Configuration Syntax Highlighting

If you are using Vim

apt-get install vim-icinga2 vim-addon-manager

vim-addon-manager -w install icinga2

Ensure that syntax highlighting is enabled e.g. by editing the user’s vimrc configuration file:

# vim ~/.vimrc syntax on

Test it:

vim /etc/icinga2/conf.d/templates.conf

Note : If you are using Nano the syntax files are installed with the icinga2-common package already

Setting up Icinga Web 2

Configuring DB IDO MySQL

Installing MySQL database server

apt-get install mariadb-server


(After executing mysql_secure_installation, change the root password and remove test database.)

Installing the IDO modules for MySQL

The next step is to install the icinga2-ido-mysql

apt-get install icinga2-ido-mysql

Select yes for the options pop up and enter a password for when it prompt(it is used for icinga2 database)

Note :

(OPTIONAL)The Ubuntu packages provide a database configuration wizard by default. You can skip the automated setup and install/upgrade the database manually if you prefer.

Setting up the MySQL database

 mysql -u root -p


CREATE USER 'icinga'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY '###PASSSWORD### ;



After creating the database you can import the Icinga 2 IDO schema using the following command. Enter the root password into the prompt when asked.

mysql -u root -p icinga < /usr/share/icinga2-ido-mysql/schema/mysql.sql

Enabling the IDO MySQL module

The package provides a new configuration file that is installed in /etc/icinga2/features-available/ido-mysql.conf. (You can update the database credentials in this file if needed.)

You can enable the ido-mysql feature configuration file using icinga2 feature enable:

icinga2 feature enable ido-mysql

You will see Module 'ido-mysql' was enabled.

Make sure to restart Icinga 2 for these changes to take effect.

systemctl restart icinga2

Setting Up Icinga 2 REST API

Icinga Web 2 and other web interfaces require the REST API to send actions (reschedule check, etc.) and query object details.

You can run the CLI command icinga2 api setup to enable the api feature and set up certificates as well as a new API user root with an auto-generated password in the /etc/icinga2/conf.d/api-users.conf configuration file:

icinga2 api setup

Edit the api-users.conf file and add a new ApiUser? object. Specify the permissions attribute with minimal permissions required by Icinga Web 2.

vim /etc/icinga2/conf.d/api-users.conf

object ApiUser "icingaweb2" {
  password = "Wijsn8Z9eRs5E25d"
  permissions = [ "status/query", "actions/*", "objects/modify/*", "objects/query/*" ]

(add an api user for the director as well)

Restart Icinga 2 to activate the configuration.

systemctl restart icinga2

Installing Icinga Web 2

apt-get install icingaweb2 libapache2-mod-php

Preparing Web Setup

You can set up Icinga Web 2 quickly and easily with the Icinga Web 2 setup wizard which is available the first time you visit Icinga Web 2 in your browser. When using the web setup you are required to authenticate using a token. In order to generate a token use the icingacli:

icingacli setup token create

In case you do not remember the token you can show it using the icingacli:

icingacli setup token show

On Debian and derivates, you need to manually create a database and a database user prior to starting the web wizard. This is due to local security restrictions whereas the web wizard cannot create a database/user through a local unix domain socket.

Database for backend use

log as root user

mysql -u root -p

then execute the following commands to create icingaweb db and director db

For icingaweb db ====

CREATE USER icingaweb2@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '##PASSWORD##';

GRANT ALL ON icingaweb2.* TO icingaweb2@localhost;

Flush privileges;

director db

CREATE USER director@localhost IDENTIFIED BY '##PASSWORD##';

GRANT ALL ON director.* TO director@localhost;

Flush privileges;


enabling reactbundle module

Copy following script to a bash flle and execute or execute in the terminal.





git config --global advice.detachedHead false


icingacli module enable "${REACTBUNDLE_MODULE_NAME}"

enabling ipl module

Copy following script to a bash flle and execute or execute in the terminal.






icingacli module enable "${IPL_MODULE_NAME}"

enabling incubator module

Copy following script to a bash flle and execute or execute in the terminal.






icingacli module enable "${INCUBATOR_MODULE_NAME}"

Enabling Director in Icinga

Copy following script to a bash flle and execute. The script with the files to the relevant directory using the script





git clone "${REPO_URL}" "${TARGET_DIR}" --branch v${MODULE_VERSION}

and then enable the icinga-director module

icingacli module enable director

enabling business process module

Copy following script to a bash flle and execute or execute in the terminal.





icingacli module enable businessprocess

changing the permission for relevant users

chown -R www-data:icingaweb2 /etc/icingaweb2/

Running a demon for director service

useradd -r -g icingaweb2 -d /var/lib/icingadirector -s /bin/false icingadirector

apt install -d -o icingadirector -g icingaweb2 -m 0750 /var/lib/icingadirector


cp "${MODULE_PATH}/contrib/systemd/icinga-director.service" /etc/systemd/system/

systemctl daemon-reload

systemctl enable icinga-director.service

systemctl start icinga-director.service

Last modified 2 years ago Last modified on May 24, 2021, 12:16:49 AM

Attachments (28)